Termites and other pests can damage your home by ruining all of your wooden furniture and making your home hollow from the inside. You lose not only furniture, but also money when you want to sell the house. The best way to combat this nuisance is to take adequate and effective natural preventive measures. You will not have to face a difficult situation if the situation is not created in the first place.
The usual methods for controlling the growth of termites, white ants and other pests are the use of various chemicals dangerous to nature. If you want to deal with something, you have to understand what they entail first before executing them. Below are few facts to know about termites and how to control them.
Facts about termite
- Termites need a lot of water to survive and one method of detecting them is by observing small tubes of mud in the ground that transfer water to their nests. Another sign of detection is when the swarm occurs.
- The entry point for termites to enter your home is through soil-wood contact or wood-wood contact.
- Underground termites, as the name suggests, live underground in nests. These nests are usually located one or two meters below the ground, although they sometimes nest above the ground. Individual worker termites, about an inch long, travel or tunnel hundreds of feet in search of food, usually at ground level to return to the nest.
- Try to seal all the contact points where the floor and the wood of your house are in contact. Make sure the base or the base of your house is at least 10 to 20 cm above the ground. In addition, safely store all wood and logs for the fireplace or other purposes outside the home.
- Various estimates put the actual annual destruction of the cost of properties in damage, more than all floods, hurricane earthquakes and other disasters.
- Termites cannot survive temperatures above 120 degrees. You can use heat in an active termite colony. However, it is easy to do this in a small termite colony. However, when your entire home is affected, you must use the “temptation method”.
- Best foods termites feed on include wood, paper and other substances used by humans in construction and in various household items. The damage caused by termites while eating these substances can take a long time to appear, as they consume only small amounts of food. But, thanks to the progressive accumulation of damage, it can be quite significant. The wood, for example, will gradually empty, even if no external signal is detected. The damage can be significant if the nest is located inside the house.
Species of termites
There are three main types of termites that can devastate your home and wood-based personal belongings. Each type of termite has its own adaptation when it comes to destroying wood and other materials. The following is a brief description of the three (out of five types in your region).
- Dampwood termites
These termites are generally found in areas with high humidity, especially near water bodies. They are suitable for handling very wet and damp wood. Typically, a wet wood termite has little to no damage to artificial structures.
- Dry wood termites
These pests are equipped to cut down very hard wood substances, such as wooden furniture for indoor environments.
- Underground/ Subterranean termites
These termites are completely opposite to dry wood in terms of humidity. They live underground and constantly need moisture. They generally work faster than other types of termites. In addition, underground termites generally cause water-related damage, such as mold, fungus and stains, due to the moisture they retain in their mud tunnels.
Hazards caused by termites
These damages can be classified into 3 types…
- Economic damage
Economic damage can be anything from termites gnawing at the boards or the cabbage larvae chewing the cabbage roots in the garden. The point to remember is whether the termite problem will become dangerous for the family or decrease the value of the house.
- Medical damage
This refers to diseases that can be transmitted from these termites to humans. Sometimes, we consider them to be beneficial. But most times, they can transmit diseases like Lyme disease or malaria, which must be taken seriously.
- Aesthetic damage occurs
While this type of termite infestation never causes economic damage, it does interfere with family aesthetic enjoyment. But not only can damage from termites because instability in a building, but it can and if left untreated, it can cause the structure around people to collapse. It can be shocking every time you think about it. It is important to note that the damage caused by termites is not limited to wood. These pests can also damage fibers, cardboard and paper products. Any cellulosic material in which these termites can sink their jaws is a potential source of food. Cellulose is the material found in the cell walls of plants, so they consider any plant substance to be irresistible.
Basic ways to avoid termites
- Do not affix the wooden structure to the exterior walls of your house.
- Keep leftover wood, firewood, sawdust and other similar items away from your home. If you need to keep firewood out of your house during the winter, keep it off the ground.
- Do not keep your house surrounded by dense vegetation. Keep it away from bushes and shrubs and any other form of dense vegetation.
- Avoid burying any type of wood debris near the foundations of your home.
- If it is around your house, there is any type of stump and tree infested, make sure it is removed as soon as possible.
- Check that there is no water leakage, either outside or inside. If leaking gutters or roofs are present, repair them immediately.
- Avoid accumulation of leaves in drains and gutters
Getting rid of termites
Generally, dry and wet wood termites are slow workers, but they can potentially seriously damage your property. The destruction caused by these insects can be devastating, as underground termites can reduce dust on any wooden structure. Therefore is obvious need to eradicate them. I have classified them into 3 methods.
- Aggregation device
Here, all that is required is that the device contains a food source suitable for termites and that it can be installed in an area where termites will find it. Due to termites’ underground nature, they are more likely to find “bait” when it is dug into the ground. A higher success rate tends to occur when stations are placed in areas known to be most at risk, for example, near a leaky faucet or hose.
Once installed, aggregation devices should be monitored for termite activity. Regular monitoring is key. If the stations are not monitored, you will not find termites when they enter the stations. Monitoring should be done at least once a month, in the hottest months of the year, and every two months is generally sufficient in the coldest periods.
- Bait poison
The toxic substances available for bait vary slightly, as the active ingredients work similarly, but for the most part, they are different products. It is very important that the toxic is palatable for termites, otherwise the absorption is poor. Once the termites begin to feed on the bait and share it across the colony, they are in the process of destruction. Most toxic substances are IGRs (insect growth regulators) and chitin inhibitors.
However, in case the termites have already attacked a structure, they are already aggregated and, therefore, their introduction into toxic bait can be quite simple. All the systems on the market have what is called an aerial station; it is a plastic box with a removable cover and openings at the back to allow termites to enter. The station is fixed with screws to an area where the termites are active and the bait is introduced into the termites, the station is filled with bait and the cover replaced.
If you think a termite infestation in your home is a possibility, the best prevention method is to create an insurmountable barrier between the nest and your home for working termites. This is usually done by chemically treating the soil around and below the house. Two main types of liquid chemicals called termiticides can be used for this purpose.
Repellents prevent foraging termites from entering the treated soil, while non-repellant chemicals kill termites that enter the treated soil. Once the barrier is established, foragers will not be able to access food in the house and if some of them have already arrived at the house before treatment, they will not be able to return and will die.
- Boric acid
This acid is readily available at home stores. This acid is available in “white powder form” and can be used to treat various pest problems, in addition to termites. Three ways to use this acid as a means of prevention:
Before using wood inside your home to make furniture or any other purpose, treat it with this acid. In this way, there is no chance that the termites will attack the wood for a long time.
Prepare a solution of this acid by mixing it in water. Spray this solution outside of your home. If possible, you can also spray it inside.
Use it in an active termite colony. To do this, dip a piece of wood in a solution of boric acid and water. Place this piece of wood in the termite colony. There is a good chance that termites will start feeding on the wood and die.
Termite advice: use the best defense for termite prevention – If, during the inspection, the pest professional confirms the termites, they can help you eliminate them and keep them from coming back. If your home is still free of termites, the pest professional will also help you avoid it in the future.
- Regular visits by pest control professional
Some of the possible signs of termites are small clay tubes, insect wings, slippery floors, doors, crumbling drywall and small holes in the wood. . The conditions that invite termites are still there, even if you don’t notice any of the signs mentioned above. To make sure your home is and remains free of termites, you can seek professional assistance. You can ask a licensed pest professional to visit your home regularly. So you can make sure your home stays safe from the damage it can cause.
Pest professionals are trained in termite behavior and biology. Thus, with this information on termites, they are able to identify and prevent termite problems and treat them accordingly. These qualified pest professionals will thoroughly inspect your home to determine how termites have access to your home. Therefore, they will share tips on how to prevent them from entering your home.
Finally, these preventive tips will not only help you get rid of termites, but they will also be easy for the environment.
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